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Thursday, 23 May 2013 10:12 Written by 
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Pruning young trees can help the health and give the desired form. The first pruning event is at the time of planting and consists of the removal of broken, diseased, dying or dead branches. The second pruning event occurs three years after planting and shall include the five following steps: Remove broken, diseased, dying or dead branches. Select a central leader and remove competing branches. Select the lowest permanent scaffold branch. Select scaffold branches and cut back or remove competing branches. Select temporary branches. 
Pruning cuts should be made only on the branch taking great care not to cut into the stem tissue. The branch collar and branch bark ridge are both parts of the stem and should not be effected by the pruning cut as seen below in the illustration. Make the cut as close as possible to the stem tissue without damaging the branch collar and branch bark ridge. This allows the tree to seal off the wound properly and decreases the chance of disease and decay reaching the stem tissue.

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